The early medieval period is marked by constant interchange and multicultural relationships, and has significantly shaped Western intellectual history. During this time Irish scholars started to annotate texts, i.e. underlining, highlighting, glossing etc. – techniques that quickly spread across the European continent.

The MSCA-IF project Early Medieval Glosses And The Question Of Their Genesis: A Case Study On The Vienna Bede (Grant agreement ID: 101019035) studies the early medieval Celtic glossing tradition on the Venerable Bede’s De Temporum Ratione investigating the Celtic and Latin glosses found in its main manuscript:

  • Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, Codex 15298 (Olim Suppl. 2698) = BVi

and their parallels in three further manuscripts:

  • Angers, Bibliothèque municipale 477 = Ang,
  • Karlsruhe, Badische Landesbibliothek, Augiensis pergamentum 167 (olim Codex Augiensis CLXVII) = BCr, and
  • St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, MS 251 = Sg.

The project explores the manuscripts using methodologies from digital humanities, philology, and linguistics to establish the first comprehensive digital documentary edition, including the primary text and all the glosses and annotations found in the Vienna Bede.

The edition offers two viewing options: 1) with the facsimile and 2) a text only version. Additionally, the glosses can be searched and filtered here.

The source file can be downloaded as TEI and RDF.