The early medieval period is marked by constant interchange and multicultural relationships, and has significantly shaped Western intellectual history. During this time Irish scholars started to annotate texts, i.e. underlining, highlighting, glossing etc. – techniques that quickly spread across the European continent.
The MSCA-IF project Early Medieval Glosses And The Question Of Their Genesis: A Case Study On The Vienna Bede (Grant agreement ID: 101019035) studies the early medieval Celtic glossing tradition on the Venerable Bede’s De Temporum Ratione investigating the Celtic and Latin glosses found in its main manuscript:

The project explores the manuscript using methodologies from digital humanities, philology, and linguistics to establish the first comprehensive digital documentary edition, including the primary text and all the glosses and annotations found in the Vienna Bede. Additionally, also parallel glosses from the following three manuscripts are recorded: