DEPCHA - Digital Edition Publishing Cooperative for Historical Accounts

Alpha-Version

Bookkeeping Datamodel for Historical Accounts

Version 1.1

The "Bookkeeping Ontology", a conceptual model being based on the REA model and CIDOC CRM, is developed in an ontology engineering process in which historians, software developers and digital humanists were involved. It formalizes the interpretation of a transaction (bk:Transaction) as combination of transfers (bk:Transfer) of measurable objects (bk:Measurable) from one accounting object (bk:Between) to another. bk:Between defines an abstract class, which unites bookkeeping categories (bk:Accounts,e.g. a cash account) and actors (individual bk:Partye.g. Washington or an unknown group of individuals bk:Group e.g. four farmers). Its physical representation in a historical source is an entry in a written accounting record (bk:Entry). The bk:Entry is an information fragment of a bk:Transaction often naming only one party, while the other party is implicit in the textual context of the entry. Further information on the temporal (bk:when), spatial (bk:where) dimension of a bk:Transaction as, well as the status (bk:status) of it (e.g. "partly paid", "settled"), can be expressed optionally. In regard to a research question a bk:Transaction can be assigned to a specific context. Every transaction consists (bk:consistsOf) at least one transfer (bk:Transfer). A single bk:Transfer describes the action of transferring a bk:Measurable in one direction (bk:from or bk:to). bk:Measurable is defined as everything that can be quantified. It has subclasses for economic goods (bk:EconomicGood, as labor: bk:Service or as physical things: bk:Commodity) and money (bk:MonetaryValues). bk:Measurable is describe by its quantity (bk:quantity) and the unit of calculation (bk:unit). The bk:Entry is described by the transcription fragment of the original source (bk:text). bk:EconomicGoodscan be categorized (what is measured) and can be assigned a price. A bk:Transfercan be carried out by (bk:by) someone who conducts the transfer process in place of the business partner (bk:Agent). When writing it down into the ledger, accounting categories (bk:debit and bk:credit) are coded optionally.

Classes

Transaction

Subclass ofE28_Conceptual_Object
DescriptionA financial transaction is an agreement or communication, carried out between a buyer and a seller to exchange an asset.
Usage

      <t:div ana="bk:entry">
        <t:date ana="bk:when" when="1828-09-22">22nd Septemper 1828</t:date> To order upon <t:name ana="bk:to">T. Smith</t:name> for 3/ <t:measure ana="bk:money bk:to" quantity="50" unit="cents">50</t:measure>
      </t:div>
    
      <bk:Transaction rdf:about="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#T9">
        <bk:consistsOf rdf:resource="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#T9T1"></bk:consistsOf>
        <bk:when>1828-09-22</bk:when>
        <bk:entry>To order upon T. Smith for 3/ " 50</bk:entry>
      </bk:Transaction>
    
seeAlsowikidata.org
DomainconsistsOf attestedBy assigned when where transaction status

Transfer

Subclass ofE5_Event
DescriptionA Transfer is the action in which one party cedes property rights to another parties.
Usage

      <t:div ana="bk:entry">
        <t:measure ana="bk:money bk:from" quantity="10" unit="dollars">10$</t:measure> 
        from <t:name ana="bk:from" ref="pers_WCDH276">T. Smith</t:name> to <t:name ana="bk:to" ref="pers_WCDH002">Darius D.</t:name>
      </t:div>
    
      <bk:Transfer rdf:about="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#T0T1">
        <bk:transfers rdf:resource="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#E0M11"></bk:transfers>
        <bk:from rdf:resource="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#pers_WCDH276"></bk:from>
        <bk:to rdf:resource="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#pers_WCDH002"></bk:to>
      </bk:Transfer>
    
Domaintransfers from to by debit credit
RangeconsistsOf

Between

Subclass ofE28_Conceptual_Object
DescriptionAn abstract class for any concept which can be part of transaction in abstract bookkeeping, connecting bk:from and bk:to.
Usage

      <t:div ana="bk:entry">
        <t:name ana="bk:to" ref="#pers_WCDH276">T. Smith</t:name> withdraws 10 $ from <t:name ana="bk:from" ref="#cash_1">cash account</t:name>
      </t:div>
    
      <bk:Between rdf:about="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#pers_WCDH276">
        <bk:name>T. Smith</bk:name>
      </bk:Between>
      <bk:Between rdf:about="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#cash_1">
        <bk:name>Cash Account</bk:name>
      </bk:Between>
    
Domainname
Rangefrom to

Agent

Subclass ofE39_Actor
DescriptionSomeone delivers something for somebody else.
Usage

      <t:p ana="bk:entry">       
 To ax dlvd <t:name ana="bk:agent" ref="#pers.1">By Puffer</t:name> 9/1
      </t:p>
    
      <bk:Agent rdf:about="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#pers.1">
        <bk:name>Pliny Puffer</bk:name>
      </bk:Agent>
    
Rangeby

TypeAssignment

Subclass ofE17_Type_Assignment
DescriptionContext to the transactions.
Usage

      [...]
      <t:taxonomy ana="bk:assigned">
        <t:gloss>Farms</t:gloss>
        <t:category xml:id="farm_1">
          <t:gloss>Fairfax Farm</t:gloss>
        </t:category>
        <t:category xml:id="farm_2">
          <t:gloss>Williams Farm</t:gloss>
        </t:category>
      </t:taxonomy>
      [...]
      <t:div ana="bk:entry">
        To Cash paid for <t:span ana="bk:assigned" ref="#farm_1">Fairfax Farm</t:span>
        and <t:span ana="bk:assigned" ref="#farm_2">Williams Farm</t:span>
      </t:div>
    
      <bk:TypeAssignment rdf:about="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#farm_1">
        [...]
      </bk:TypeAssignment>
    
Rangeassigned

Account

Subclass ofBetween
DescriptionAn account refers to assets, liabilities, income, expenses, and equity, as represented by individual ledger pages, to which changes in value are chronologically recorded with debit and credit entries.
Usage

      <t:seg ana="bk:from bk:account" corresp="#acc_1">Cash Account</t:seg>
    
      <bk:Account rdf:about="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#cash_1">
        <bk:name>Cash Account</bk:name>
      </bk:Account>
    
seeAlsowikidata.org

Group

Subclass ofE74_Group
Between
DescriptionA group of agents involved togehter in a transaction.
Usage

      <t:seg ana="bk:from bk:group" corresp="#group_1">4 farmers and 1 smith</t:seg> payed a tax for land. 
      <bk:Group rdf:about="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#group_1">
        <bk:text>4 farmers and 1 smith</bk:text>
      </bk:Group>
    

Party

Subclass ofBetween
E39_Actor
DescriptionAn actor in a transaction.
seeAlsowikidata.org

Measurable

Subclass ofE71_Man-Made_Thing
DescriptionEverything that can be quantified.
Domaintext quantity unit
Rangetransfers

Economic Good

Subclass ofMeasurable
DescriptionAn economic good is a good or service that has a benefit (utility) to society. Also, economic goods have a degree of scarcity and therefore an opportunity cost.
Domainprice categorized
Rangeconverts

Commodity

Subclass ofEconomic Good
E19_Physical_Object
DescriptionA commodity is an economic good
Usage

      <t:row ana="bk:entry">
        <t:cell> T.Smith buys 
          <t:measure ana="bk:commodity" commodity="sugar" quantity="1" unit="lb">1 lb Sugar</t:measure>
        </t:cell>
      </t:row>
    
      <bk:Commodity rdf:about="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#E581M1">
        <bk:text>1 lb Sugar</bk:text>
        <bk:unit>lb</bk:unit>
        <bk:quantity>1</bk:quantity>
        <bk:categorized>sugar</bk:categorized>
      </bk:Commodity>
    
seeAlsowikidata.org

Service

Subclass ofE7_Activity
Economic Good
DescriptionA service is a transaction in which no physical goods are transferred from the seller to the buyer.
Usage

      <t:measure ana="bk:service" commodity="work" quantity="3" unit="hours"> cutting trees for 3 hours.</t:measure>
    
      <t:row ana="bk:entry">
        <t:cell> T.Smith
          <t:measure ana="bk:service" commodity="work" quantity="2" unit="hours">works 2 h</t:measure>
          for Washington
        </t:cell>
      </t:row>
    
      <bk:Service rdf:about="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#E59M1">
        <bk:text>works 2 h</bk:text>
        <bk:unit>hours</bk:unit>
        <bk:quantity>2</bk:quantity>
        <bk:categorized>work</bk:categorized>
      </bk:Service>
    
seeAlsowikidata.org

Monetary Value

Subclass ofMeasurable
DescriptionThe amount of value an item or a service has in relation to if it were sold for cash to a willing buyer. A Monetary Value can consist of subtotals, which are monetary values too.
Usage

      <t:row ana="bk:entry">
        <t:cell> 
          T.Smith pays 
          <t:measure ana="bk:money" commodity="currency" quantity="1" unit="dollars">1 $</t:measure>
          <t:measure ana="bk:money" commodity="currency" quantity="50" unit="cents">50 c</t:measure>
        </t:cell>
      </t:row>
    
      <bk:Money rdf:about="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#E271M1">
        <bk:text>1 $</bk:text>
        <bk:unit>dollars</bk:unit>
        <bk:quantity>1</bk:quantity>
      </bk:Money>
      <bk:Money rdf:about="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#E271M2">
        <bk:text>50 c</bk:text>
        <bk:unit>cents</bk:unit>
        <bk:quantity>50</bk:quantity>
      </bk:Money>
    
seeAlsowikidata.org
Domaincurrency

Price

Subclass ofMonetary Value
DescriptionThe quantity of payment or compensation given by one party to another in return for one unit of goods or services.
Usage

      <t:span ana="bk:entry">
        <t:measure ana="bk:commodity" commodity="rosin" quantity="4" unit="bushels">4 bushels rosin 
          <t:measure ana="bk:price" quantity="2" unit="shilling">/2 s</t:measure>
        </t:measure>
      </t:span>
    
      <bk:Commodity rdf:about="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#E271M1">
        <bk:unit>bushels</bk:unit>
        <bk:quantity>4</bk:quantity>
        <bk:categorized>rosin</bk:categorized>
        <bk:price rdf:resource="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#E271P2"></bk:price>
      </bk:Commodity>
      <bk:Price rdf:about="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#E271P2">
        <bk:text>/2 s</bk:text>
        <bk:unit>shilling</bk:unit>
        <bk:quantity>2</bk:quantity>
      </bk:Price>
    
seeAlsowikidata.org
Domainconverts
Rangeprice

Tax

Subclass ofMonetary Value
DescriptionMethod to impose financial charge or other levy upon a taxpayer by a government or functional equivalent.
Usage

      <t:measure ana="bk:tax" quantity="30" unit="dollars">paying 30 $ taxes</t:measure>
    
      <bk:Tax rdf:about="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#E271P2">
        <bk:text>paying 30 $ taxes</bk:text>
        <bk:unit>dollars</bk:unit>
        <bk:quantity>30</bk:quantity>
      </bk:Tax>
    
seeAlsowikidata.org

Properties

transfers

DescriptionA transfer conveys something. Multiple (at least on) transfers can describe a transaction.
DomainTransfer
RangeMeasurable

from

DescriptionSomething goes away from somebody. An account decreases.
Usage

      <t:row ana="bk:entry">
        <t:cell>
          <t:name ana="bk:from" ref="#pers_WCDH002">L.M. Wheaton</t:name>
        </t:cell>
        <t:cell>
          <t:name ana="bk:to" ref="pers_WCDH359" type="person">Hiram Hodges Agt.</t:name>
          To <t:measure ana="bk:commodity bk:from" commodity="rosin" quantity="0.75" unit="bushels">3/4 bll.
          Rosin</t:measure>
        </t:cell>
        <t:cell>
          <t:measure ana="bk:money bk:to" quantity="4" unit="cents">4</t:measure>
        </t:cell>
      </t:row>
    
      <bk:Transaction rdf:about="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#T271">
        <bk:consistsOf rdf:resource="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#T271T1"></bk:consistsOf>
        <bk:consistsOf rdf:resource="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#T271T2"></bk:consistsOf>
        <bk:entry>392 Hiram Hodges Agt. DR Debtor To 3/4 bll. Rosin 4</bk:entry>
      </bk:Transaction>
      <bk:Transfer rdf:about="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#T271T1">
        <bk:transfers rdf:resource="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#E271M1"></bk:transfers>
        <bk:from rdf:resource="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#pers_WCDH002"></bk:from>
        <bk:to rdf:resource="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#pers_WCDH359"></bk:to>
      </bk:Transfer>
      <bk:Transfer rdf:about="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#T271T2">
        <bk:transfers rdf:resource="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#E271M2"></bk:transfers>
        <bk:from rdf:resource="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#pers_WCDH359"></bk:from>
        <bk:to rdf:resource="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#pers_WCDH002"></bk:to>
      </bk:Transfer>
      <bk:Commodity rdf:about="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#E271M1">
        <bk:unit>bushels</bk:unit>
        <bk:quantity>0.75</bk:quantity>
        <bk:categorized>rosin</bk:categorized>
      </bk:Commodity>
      <bk:Money rdf:about="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#E271M2">
        <bk:unit>cents</bk:unit>
        <bk:quantity>4</bk:quantity>
      </bk:Money>
    
DomainTransfer
RangeBetween

to

DescriptionSomething goes to somebody. An account increases.
Usage

      <t:row ana="bk:entry">
        <t:cell>
          <t:name ana="bk:from" ref="#pers_WCDH002">L.M. Wheaton</t:name>
        </t:cell>
        <t:cell>
          <t:name ana="bk:to" ref="pers_WCDH359" type="person">Hiram Hodges Agt.</t:name>
          To <t:measure ana="bk:commodity bk:from" commodity="rosin" quantity="0.75" unit="bushels">3/4 bll.
            Rosin</t:measure>
        </t:cell>
        <t:cell>
          <t:measure ana="bk:money bk:to" quantity="4" unit="cents">4</t:measure>
        </t:cell>
      </t:row>
    
      <bk:Transaction rdf:about="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#T271">
        <bk:consistsOf rdf:resource="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#T271T1"></bk:consistsOf>
        <bk:consistsOf rdf:resource="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#T271T2"></bk:consistsOf>
        <bk:entry>392 Hiram Hodges Agt. DR Debtor To 3/4 bll. Rosin 4</bk:entry>
      </bk:Transaction>
      <bk:Transfer rdf:about="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#T271T1">
        <bk:transfers rdf:resource="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#E271M1"></bk:transfers>
        <bk:from rdf:resource="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#pers_WCDH002"></bk:from>
        <bk:to rdf:resource="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#pers_WCDH359"></bk:to>
      </bk:Transfer>
      <bk:Transfer rdf:about="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#T271T2">
        <bk:transfers rdf:resource="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#E271M2"></bk:transfers>
        <bk:from rdf:resource="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#pers_WCDH359"></bk:from>
        <bk:to rdf:resource="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#pers_WCDH002"></bk:to>
      </bk:Transfer>
      <bk:Commodity rdf:about="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#E271M1">
        <bk:unit>bushels</bk:unit>
        <bk:quantity>0.75</bk:quantity>
        <bk:categorized>rosin</bk:categorized>
      </bk:Commodity>
      <bk:Money rdf:about="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#E271M2">
        <bk:unit>cents</bk:unit>
        <bk:quantity>4</bk:quantity>
      </bk:Money>
    
DomainTransfer
RangeBetween

consistsOf

DescriptionA transaction consists of a number of transfers.
Usage

      <bk:Transaction rdf:about="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#T271">
        <bk:consistsOf rdf:resource="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#T271T1"></bk:consistsOf>
        <bk:consistsOf rdf:resource="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#T271T2"></bk:consistsOf>
        <bk:consistsOf rdf:resource="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#T271T3"></bk:consistsOf>
      </bk:Transaction>
      <bk:Transfer rdf:about="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#T271T1">
        [...]
      </bk:Transfer>
      <bk:Transfer rdf:about="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#T271T2">
        [...]
      </bk:Transfer>
      <bk:Transfer rdf:about="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#T271T3">
        [...]
      </bk:Transfer>
    
DomainTransaction
RangeTransfer

attestedBy

DescriptionA transfer has a physical representation (text) in a source.
DomainTransaction
RangeLiteral

assigned

DescriptionAssigns transactions to a specific type or context. This decision is made by a scholar. This can be done in the course of a specific research question. Everything n the @ana not starting with bk: ist a type assignment
Usage

      [...]
      <t:taxonomy ana="bk:assigned">
        <t:gloss>Farms</t:gloss>
        <t:category xml:id="farm_1">
          <t:gloss>Fairfax Farm</t:gloss>
        </t:category>
        <t:category xml:id="farm_2">
          <t:gloss>Williams Farm</t:gloss>
        </t:category>
      </t:taxonomy>
      [...]
      <t:div ana="bk:entry">
        To Cash paid for <t:span ana="bk:assigned" ref="#farm_1">Fairfax Farm</t:span>
        and <t:span ana="bk:assigned" ref="#farm_2">Williams Farm</t:span>
      </t:div>
    
      <bk:TypeAssignment rdf:about="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#farm_1">
        [...]
      </bk:TypeAssignment>
    
DomainTransaction
RangeTypeAssignment

by

DescriptionA transfer can be carried out by an agent.
Usage

      <t:p ana="bk:entry">
        To ax dlvd <t:name ana="bk:agent" ref="#pers.1">By Puffer</t:name> 9/1
      </t:p>
    
      <bk:Transfer rdf:about="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#T271T2">
        [...]
        <bk:by rdf:resource="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#pers.1"></bk:by>
      </bk:Transfer>
      <bk:Agent rdf:about="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#pers.1">
        <bk:name>Pliny Puffer</bk:name>
      </bk:Agent>
    
DomainTransfer
RangeAgent

price

DescriptionA bk:EconomicGood can have a bk:Price.
Usage

      <t:span ana="bk:entry">
        <t:measure ana="bk:commodity" commodity="rosin" quantity="4" unit="bushels">4 bushels rosin 
          <t:measure ana="bk:price" quantity="2" unit="shilling">/2 s</t:measure>
        </t:measure>
      </t:span>
    
      <bk:Commodity rdf:about="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#E271M1">
        <bk:unit>bushels</bk:unit>
        <bk:quantity>4</bk:quantity>
        <bk:categorized>rosin</bk:categorized>
        <bk:price rdf:resource="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#E271P2"></bk:price>
      </bk:Commodity>
      <bk:Price rdf:about="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#E271P2">
        <bk:text>/2 s</bk:text>
        <bk:unit>shilling</bk:unit>
        <bk:quantity>2</bk:quantity>
      </bk:Price>
    
DomainEconomic Good
RangePrice

converts

DescriptionA bk:Price converts a bk:EconomicGood. (inverse of bk:price)
DomainPrice
RangeEconomic Good

text

Descriptionthe textual representation of an entitiy.
DomainMeasurable
RangeLiteral

debit

DescriptionMarks an bk:Transfer as a Transfer to a credit account. The money obtained with the credits is destined as debit in transaction accountsm like assets.
Usage

      <t:row ana="bk:entry">
        
          Thompson Tripp
          Debtor. To ten buss. Potatoes1/6 
        
          2
        
      </t:row>
    
      <bk:Transaction rdf:about="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#T1152">
        <bk:consistsOf rdf:resource="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#T1152T1"></bk:consistsOf>
        <bk:consistsOf rdf:resource="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#T1152T2"></bk:consistsOf>
        <bk:entry>397 Thompson Tripp D Debtor To ten buss. Potatoes 1/6 2 50</bk:entry>
        <bk:debit>true</bk:debit>
      </bk:Transaction>
    
seeAlsowikidata.org
DomainTransfer
Rangeboolean

credit

DescriptionMarks an bk:Transfer as a transfer on the credit account. The sources for spending money in transaction account is credit, like liabilities.
Usage

      <t:row ana="bk:entry">
        
          Thompson Tripp
          Creditor. To ten buss. Potatoes1/6 
        
          2
        
      </t:row>
    
      <bk:Transaction rdf:about="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#T1152">
        <bk:consistsOf rdf:resource="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#T1152T1"></bk:consistsOf>
        <bk:consistsOf rdf:resource="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#T1152T2"></bk:consistsOf>
        <bk:entry>397 Thompson Tripp D Creditor To ten buss. Potatoes 1/6 2 50</bk:entry>
        <bk:credit>true</bk:credit>
      </bk:Transaction>
    
seeAlsowikidata.org
DomainTransfer
Rangeboolean

currency

DescriptionA bk:MonetaryValue has a currency (text or URI)
Usage

      <t:measure ana="bk:price" quantity="2" unit="shilling">2 s</t:measure>
    
      <bk:Money rdf:about="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#E1151M22">
        <bk:currency>cents</bk:currency>
        <bk:quantity>13</bk:quantity>
      </bk:Money>
    
seeAlsowikidata.org
DomainMonetary Value
RangeLiteral

categorized

DescriptionA commodity or service can be categorized.
Usage

      <t:measure ana="bk:commodity" commodity="wood" quantity="10" unit="sticks">10 wooden sticks</t:measure>
    
      <bk:Commodity rdf:about="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#E1152M1">
        <bk:unit>bushels</bk:unit>
        <bk:quantity>10</bk:quantity>
        <bk:categorized>potatoes</bk:categorized>
        
      </bk:Commodity>
    
seeAlsowikidata.org
DomainEconomic Good
RangeLiteral

quantity

DescriptionA measurable is countable.
seeAlsowikidata.org
DomainMeasurable
Rangedecimal

unit

DescriptionA Measurable has a unit.
seeAlsowikidata.org
DomainMeasurable
RangeLiteral

when

DescriptionA bk:Transaction can be related to a date, which can is the date of transaction
Usage

      <t:p ana="bk:entry">
        <t:date ana="bk:when" when="1840-05-20">20 of May 1840</t:date>: 
        397 Andrew Randal D Debtor To 2 Buss potatoes. 1/6 50
      </t:p>
    
      <bk:Transaction rdf:about="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#T1153">
        <bk:when>1840-05-20</bk:when>
        <bk:entry>20 of May 1840: 397 Andrew Randal D Debtor To 2 Buss potatoes. 1/6 50</bk:entry>
      </bk:Transaction>
    
DomainTransaction
RangedateTime

where

DescriptionA Transaction can be related to a place.
Usage

      <t:p ana="bk:entry">
        <t:date ana="bk:when" when="1840-05-20">20 of May 1840</t:date> in <t:placeName ana="bk:where" ref="#Wheaton">Wheaton</t:placeName>: 
        397 Andrew Randal D Debtor To 2 Buss potatoes. 1/6 50
      </t:p>
    
      <bk:Transaction rdf:about="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#T1153">
        <bk:when>1840-05-20</bk:when>
        <bk:where>Wheaton</bk:where>
        <bk:entry>20 of May 1840: 397 Andrew Randal D Debtor To 2 Buss potatoes. 1/6 50</bk:entry>
      </bk:Transaction>
    
DomainTransaction
RangeLiteral

name

DescriptionGives a Party or an Account a name.
seeAlsowikidata.org
DomainBetween
RangeLiteral

transaction status

DescriptionSpecifies the status of a transaction.
Usage

      <t:p ana="bk:entry">
        397 Andrew Randal D Debtor To 2 Buss potatoes. 1/6 50; <t:span ana="bk:status">p.p</t:span>
      </t:p>
      <t:p ana="bk:entry">
        399 T. Smith; <t:span ana="bk:status">settled</t:span>
      </t:p>
    
      <bk:Transaction rdf:about="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#T1153">
        <bk:status>p.p</bk:status>
        <bk:entry>397 Andrew Randal D Debtor To 2 Buss potatoes. 1/6 50; p.p</bk:entry>
      </bk:Transaction>
      <bk:Transaction rdf:about="https://gams.uni-graz.at/o:depcha.1#T1154">
        <bk:status>settled</bk:status>
        <bk:entry>399 T. Smith; settled</bk:entry>
      </bk:Transaction>
    
DomainTransaction
RangeLiteral

Visualisation